Born: 1876, Eye, Suffolk.
Died: 9th June 1900; age: 24; Died of Enteric Fever, at Kroonstad, Free State, South Africa.
ENTERIC FEVER Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.
This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.
Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.
Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.
In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War.
Residence: ‘The Bottle’s Inn’ Cross Street, Eye, Suffolk.
Volunteer Date: January 1900; age: 25.
Rank: Private; Service Number: 6522.
Regiment: Suffolk Regiment, 2nd Volunteer Company, South Africa Field Force.
Clasps Awarded: Cape Colony & Orange Free State.
1881 Church Street, Eye, Suffolk.
Thomas was 5 years old and living with his parents & brother.
Edward Tuffs, 43, a Gardener, born Mendlesham, Suffolk.
Matilda Tuffs (nee Battley), 39, born Mellis, Suffolk.
Frederick Tuffs, 18, a Shoemaker, born Eye.
1891 Church Street, Eye, Suffolk.
Thomas was 15 years old, a Carpenter’s Apprentice. He was living with his parents, niece and widowed, maternal grandmother.
Edward, 55, a Gardener.
Maud Mary Tuffs, 4, born Hornsey, London.
Harriett Collins, 73, born Yaxley, Suffolk.
Thomas is also remembered on a private plaque inside St. Peter and St. Paul Church, Church Street, Eye, Suffolk – erected by his brother volunteers, unveiled 25th June 1903.
One of the notable Battles with a large loss of Suffolk life was the “Battle of Suffolk hill” at Colesberg, Northern Cape 5th- 6th January 1900. The hill was originally called Red or Grassy Hill. The Suffolk regiment was ordered to make a night attack on a Boer position on the heights, four companies, 354 of all ranks, set out at midnight under the command of Col. Watson. The Suffolks were met by a storm of bullets. The Colonel was amongst the first to fall, and the party later retired with 11 officers and 150+ men killed, wounded or captured.