Born: 1873, Ipswich.

Died: 8th April 1900; age: 26; Died of Enteric Fever at Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa.

ENTERIC FEVER   Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.

This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.

Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.

Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War. 


Rank: Private; Service Number: 9169.

Regiment: Coldstream Guards, 2nd Battalion, South Africa Field Force.


Clasps Awarded: Belmont, Modder River & Dreifontein.




1881   7, Parade Terrace, Ipswich.


Joseph was 7 years old and living with his parents & siblings.

Thomas Fulcher, a Wheelwright, born Ipswich.

Eliza Ardley Fulcher (nee Tansley), 37, born Coggeshall, Essex.

Thomas George Fulcher, 13, born Ipswich.

Harriet Eliza Fulcher, 10, born Ipswich.

Arthur Robert Fulcher, 4, born Ipswich.


1891   60, Fabiola Cottage, York Road, Ipswich.


Joseph was 17 years old, a Blacksmith. He was living with his parents & siblings.

Thomas, 47, a Wheelwright.

Eliza, 46.

Eliza, 19, a Seamstress.

Arthur, 15, a Printer.

Harry Curtis Fulcher, 9, born Ipswich.


In 1897, Ipswich, Joseph married Margaret Isaacs, born June 1862, Holywell, Flintshire, Wales, daughter of Robert Isaacs, a copper roller and Elizabeth Isaacs, of Northfield, Worcestershire.

They had 2 daughters:

Elvia Mercia Fulcher, born November 1897, Ipswich.

May Fulcher, born March 1899, Selly Oak, Worcestershire.

The Boer War.

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