Photograph courtesy of Joanne Flack.


Born: 19th May 1890, Numurkah, Broken Creek, Goulburn Valley, Victoria, Australia.

Died: 15th October 1918; age 28; Died of Pneumonia.


Rank: Lieutenant.

Regiment: 1st Infantry (Durban Light Infantry) S.A. Forces. attached South African Pay Corps.


Joseph was laid to rest in a shared grave with Lieutenant Henry Aubrey Rainier, of the 2nd Cape Corps, South Africa Forces, he died 10th October 1918, aged 37. Henry was born at Riversdale, Free State, South Africa, son of William Daniel & Mary Ann Georgina Rainier (nee Foster). In 1897, Henry, an Accounant, of Somerset Strand, and a Freemason of the Lord Robert’s Lodge, married Olivia Mason de Bruyn (nee Shawe), born May 1864, Clanwilliam, Western Cape, South Africa. Image courtesy of

Grave Reference:

EC Section

BL.J. Row H. Grave 15.

Kimberley (West End) Cemetery,

Northern Cape,

South Africa.


Relatives Notified & Address: Son of Joseph Caldwell Lee & Mary Avaran Lee, of 4, Meadow Lane, Sudbury, Suffolk.




1901   The Crossley & Porter Orphanage, Savile Park, Halifax, Yorkshire.


Joseph was 10 years old and a resident scholar at the home & school for orphan children, he was with his 9 year old brother, Frederick Henry Lee, born Liverpool, Lancashire.


1911   54, Shrewsbury Road, Bolton.


Joseph was 20 years old, a Bank Clerk. He was living with his widowed mother & siblings.

Mary Avaran Lee (nee Crosse), 51, a Ladies’ Coat & Mantle Saleswoman – Costumier, born Seacombe, Cheshire.

Frederick, 19, a Training Student – Victoria University.

Susannah Edwina Lee, 16, born Liverpool.


Joseph’s father was Joseph Caldwell Lee, born November 1865, London, died 1895, at 2, Wavertree Road, Liverpool.



Joseph’s parents immigrated to Australia 3 days after their marraige in September 1887. They first set up a business as a tobacconist in Fritroy, Melbourne, before moving to Numurkah where Joseph set up a business as a Draper.

The family returned to Liverpool between 1891 when Joseph Lee senior became sick.


Unable to cope with 3 children after the death of her husband, Mary falsley completed the paper work to place her 2 sons Joesph & Frederick at the The Crossley & Porter Orphanage. Joesph became number 1062 & Frederick number 1063.

Joesph left the orphanage in March 1905. The orphages annual report reads that 1062 – JC Lee from Form 5 satisfied the examiners in the Cambridge local examinations, went through a course of book-keeping, and left to be with a firm of surveyors and mining engineers. In 1906 1062 is reported as being a Clerk in Manchester and County Bank, in 1910, JC Lee is reported as having passed his preliminary exams with the Banker’s Institute.


Joseph immigrated to South Africa to work in banking.


Joseph is also remembered on the war memorial at ST. BARTHOLOMEW’S CHURCH, Ipswich.


1st Infantry (Durban Light Infantry) S.A. Forces:
















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