Born: 1881, St. Mary’s Elm, Ipswich.

Died: 2am, 10th September 1916; age: 35; died from not yet diagnosed Sickness at the No. 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station. Served 362 days.

Edward’s father Frank Garnham, and sisters Florence Spalding (wife of John Damant Spalding) & Elsie Garnham notified of the death from sickness N.Y.D. – 14th September 1916.

Frank had received a letter a few days earlier to tell him his son was dangerously ill, nature of illness not stated and permission to visit cannot be granted.

Residence: 54, Lady Lane, Ipswich.

Occupation: a Casual Labourer.


Edward had perviously served 6 years with the Suffolk Regiment, 3rd Battalion – discharged in 1902 at the Termination of Engagement.


Enlistment into the Suffolk Regiment, 4th Battalion: Location: Ipswich; date: 31st August 1914; age: 33 years & 10 months. Height: 5ft 10ins. Tattooed left hand and both forearms. Next of Kin: father- Frank Garnham, of 54, Lady Lane, Ipswich.

Discharged a Private, service number 2201 – 26th September 1914, at Colchester, Essex – medical unfitness. Served 27 days.


Enlistment into the Royal Engineers, Labour Section: Location: Whitehall, London; date: 15th September 1915; age: 34 year & 11 months (Edward recorded that he was 40 years & 11 months); Religion: CofE. Signed up for the Duration of the War.

Date of Entry Therein: 24th September 1915 – France.


Hospital Admissions:

11th October 1915 – Admitted to No. 25 General Hospital – N.Y.D. Sick.

20th October 1915 – Discharged from No. 9 Stationary Hospital – N.Y.D. Sick.

20th October 1915 – Admitted to No. 6 Stationary Hospital – N.Y.D. Sick.

25th October 1915 – Transferred to England.

17th March 1916 – Arrived in France.

20th March 1916 – Rejoined Unit from Base.

20th July 1916 – Admitted to No. 30 General Hospital.

24th July 1916 – Discharged from No. 30 General Hospital to Unit.

1st August 1916 – Admitted to General Hospital.

8th August 1916 – Arrived from Boulogne.

24th August 1916 – Joined Unit from Base.



Beaulieu, Hampshire

  1. 16th June 1916 – When on Active Service absent at 9pm roll call until found in a hut at 10:15pm (absent 1hour & 15 minutes) (open arrest).
  2. 17th June 1916 – Absent from duty at Quarry from 9am – until found in camp at 9pm (absent 12 hours).

7 days Field Punishment No. 1 and forfeits 1 day’s pay.

Beaulieu, Hampshire

9th July 1916 – When on Active Service absent from 9pm roll call until reporting to guard at 10:30pm (absent 1 hour & 30 minutes).

Deprived 1 days pay.

Beaulieu, Hampshire

16th September 1916 – When on Active Service absent from Church Parade 10:30am until brought in by Police at 7:45pm – 18th July 1916 (absent 57 hours & 15 minutes).

14 days Field Punishment No. 1 and forfeits 3 day’s pay.


1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station – 8th/9th September 1916

8th September – 12:20pm – Patient in a practically comatose condition; reach slightly stimuli; voluntary movements of legs, arms and head, breathing stentorous. Nothing abnormal in abdomen and thorax, no head retraction. Cerebro fluid clear. Bacteriological report negative. Temperature and pulse normal.

Later – Two epileptiform attacks, grinding of teeth, frothing of lips, chronic spasm generally, profuse sweating. Temperature 104-6 and pulse 144.

9th September – Patient quieter this morning, breathing quieter, profuse sweating, eyelids closed, reflexes as yesterday. Temperature 104 -8 and pulse 140.

Later – Four epileptiform attacks during the day. Breathing more stentorous. No rash, no head retraction, slight movement of limbs. Temperature 105-2.

Patient never rallied, and died at 2am, 10th September 1916.


Rank: Pioneer; Service Number: 119743.

Regiment: Royal Engineer, 1st Labour Battalion.


Medals Awarded: Victory, British War & 1915 Star.


Grave Reference:


Estaires Communal Cemetery & Extension,





1891 4, Curriers Lane, Ipswich.


Edward was 9 years old and living with his father & sisters.

(Frank) Francis Edward Garnham, 40, a General Labourer, born Helmingham, Suffolk.

Florence Agnes Garnham, 11, born Ipswich.

Elsie Ronah Garnham, 4, born Ipswich.


1911   12, Payne’s Court, Tanners Lane, Ipswich.


Frank was 29 years old, a Dock Labourer. He was Head of the Household.

1 housekeeper & her son.


Frank’s mother was Anna Elizabeth Garnham (nee Frost), born 1857, Offton, Suffolk.


Edward’s Victory and British War medals were received by his father, Frank Garnham on the 5th September 1920; his 1915 Star received on the 27th October 1920.


Soldiers’ Effects to Frank E. Garnham – father, of 31, Black Horse Lane, Ipswich.



7th March 1898 – at Ipswich Borough Petty Sessions – stealing zinc from a building – found Guilty – 1 calendar month’s Hard Labour.

Deputy Mayor (Mr. G.F. Josselyn)

Ipswich Journal – 11th March 1898 – DARING THEFTS IN IPSWICH –  SEQUEL TO BAD COMPANY At Ipswich Police Court, on Monday, Edward Frank Garnham, of Lady Lane; and Arthur John Cross and Edward W. Cross, of 15, Portman Street, all labourers, were before the Deputy Mayor (Mr. G.F. Josselyn), Mr. R.D. Fraser, Mr. S.R. Anness, Mr. W.O. White, and Mr. W. Alexander, charged with stealing zinc from a building.

Mr. Robert Murray Nettleship, of the solicitor’s department, Great Eastern Railways, London prosecuted. George D. Power, inspector of the G.E. Railway, said that in consequence of a complaint received on the 18th February, he went to the Police Station at Ipswich the following day, an was shown some zinc which he compared with a piece that had been found on the embankment near a shed about half a mile from Westerfield Station, on the Ipswich side, where the theft had taken place. The pieces of zinc fitted in exactly with the pieces near the hut. He examined that hut, and found that a piece had been torn off. Some of the woodwork had also been broken. Henry Batestead, of 137, Bramford Lane, a foreman platelayer, said he was last in the shed on Monday, 14th February, and it was alright then. On the following Thursday, he noticed something was wrong with the rafters. He went up to look, and found that a quantity of zinc had been torn off, and one sheet and a half taken away. He reported the matter to his superior officer. Arthur Ruffles, a boy employed at Dale Hall Farm, Whitton, close to the place, said that between half-past three and a quarter to four on Tuesday week he was on Henley Road Bridge when he saw Edward Cross walking backwards and forwards on the bridge. Witness saw all three defendants walking towards Ipswich, Edward Cross was carrying a small sack with something in it. William Curtis, of 144, Norwich Road, said he was a dealer in old metal, carrying on business in Arcade Street, and on Tuesday afternoon Edward Garnham, who he knew having done business with his father and another young man whom he could not identify, went into his yard. Edward Garnham said “I have got some zinc.” William weighed it, and gave Edward 4s. 6d. for it, there being four stone and a half. William afterwards handed it over to the police. He asked Edward Garnham no questions, as he thought his father had sent hm. Another witness, an Ipswich milkman, said he saw the defendants, one carrying a sack on his back. He afterwards saw the three defendants at four o’clock in High Street, one of them still carrying the sack, and also at five o’clock in Princes Street, but they were then without the sack. By the way the defendants were carrying the bag it was rather heavy. When Detective-Sergeant Warner was taking Edward Garnham to the station, Edward asked, “Am I the only one?” and when charged he answered “Yes.” In consequence of his statements a summons was obtained against the other two defendants. When witness served Edward Cross with a summons, he said, “I can’t see what they can do with me; Mr. Curtis can’t identify me.” The other defendant, Arthur Cross, said “The two milkmen gave information against us.” As Arthur did not answer the summons a warrant was granted for his arrest. Inspector Power said the value of the zinc stolen was five shillings. Defendants all pleaded Guilty. The Magistrates reserved their decision until a hearing of a further case in which Edward Garnham and Arthur Cross were concerned. The charge was of stealing from the person one dead rabbit, value 1s. Robert Vincent, a labourer, of Chapel Court, working for Mr. J.A. Smith, of Gyppeswick Hall, said that he was working at Stone Lodge fields on Saturday last and had hung a rabbit, which he had caught, on the horse’s collar. He saw Edward Garnham who came up to him, and said “Mr. Robinson has sent me for the rabbit.” Mr. Robinson was the steward for Mr. Rudland, of Crane Hill Park. Robert Vincent declined to give the rabbit to them, and Arthur snatched it from under his arm, another man also assisting them to take it. They ran away. Both Edward Garnham and Arthur Cross pleaded Guilty. Mrs. Blake, wife of James Blake, of 31, Friar’s Street, who stated she kept a shop, deposed to buying the rabbit off the defendants. All defendants in the two cases except Edward Garnham had previous convictions. Detective-sergeant Warner said Edward Garnham had prossessed a good character until he got with the youths. The Chairman said they were sorry that Edward had got into such bad company. He would be sent to gaol for one months’ hard labour for each offence, the sentences to run concurrently; Arthur John Cross had a long list of convictions against him for theft, and had only come out of gaol a fortnight ago, and he would be sent back for two months’ hard labour on the first charge, and one month on the second, the sentences to run concurrently; Edward W. Cross would also receive a similar sentence. 

Mayor E P Ridley.

January 1899 – 1 summary conviction for willful damage.

9th September 1899 – Ipswich Quarter Sessions, Edward was 18 years, old, a labourer, he could read and write imperfectly. Committing Magistrate – Mr. E.P. Ridley, Esq., Mayor of Ipswich. Tried before Mr. T.C. Blofeld, Esq., Recorder on the 19th October 1899 – stealing from the person of George Mayhew, a purse and £4, at Ipswich, on the 8th September 1899. Verdict of the Jury – Not Guilty – discharged.



Mayor (Alderman J.H. Grimwade),

East Anglian Daily Times – 24th October 1905 – “FINDING” A BRACE OF PHEASANTSAt Ipswich Police Courts, Monday, 23rd October, Edward Garnham, a labourer, of Lady Lane, and James Marsh, of Upper Owell Street, were summoned before the Mayor (Alderman J.H. Grimwade), G.F. Josselyn, Esq., and R.D. Fraser, Esq., Edward charged with being “suspected of coming from land, and having in his possession two pheasants,” and James with aiding or abetting the commission of the offence. Edward’s reply was, “Guilty of the possession of the birds, but not guilty of going on land.” James said “Guilty of carrying a gun, but nothing else.” Police-constable Spencer Keeble said that on Tuesday morning last, about 5:35 a.m., he saw the two defendants get on the top of a tram at the Felixstowe Road terminus. Suspecting them of poaching, he went up and searched them, and found in Edward’s pocket two cock pheasants, which were quite warm, and in James’s pocket a gun. Police-constable Newman corroborated. Edward made the following statement on oath: On Monday last I went out alone to get mushrooms, and about 20 minutes past three o’clock on Tuesday morning I found two pheasants on the Bucklesham Road. Mr. Josselyn said: Were they warm (Laughter.) Edward: Yes; and as I hadn’t got any work and wanted food, I picked them up and put them in my pocket, the same as anyone else would. The Bench fined Edward 20s., or 14 days’, and dismissed the charge against James Marsh.


Royal Engineer, 1st Labour Battalion:





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