Born: 17th April 1872, Norton, Suffolk.
Baptised: 14th July 1872, at Norton, Suffolk.
Died: 5th June 1900; age: 28; died of Enteric Fever at Waterval, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
ENTERIC FEVER Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.
This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.
Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.
Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.
In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War.
Rank: Private; Service Number:3298.
Regiment: Suffolk Regiment, 1st Battalion.
Clasps Awarded: Cape Colony & Transvaal.
1881 Heath Road, Ixworth, Suffolk.
William was 9 years old and living with his parents, step sister & siblings.
William Cawley, 38, an invalid – no occupation, born Ixworth.
Susannah Cawley (nee James), 28, a Nurse, born Norton.
Ruth James, 13, born Norton.
Eliza Cawley, 8, born Ixworth.
James Cawley, 6, born Ixworth.
Malvina Cawley, 4, born Ixworth.
1891 Stow Lane, Ixworth, Suffolk.
William was 18 years old, an Agricultural Labourer. He was living with his parents & siblings.
William, 48, an Agricultural Labourer.
Harry Cawley, 7, born Ixworth.
Annie Cawley, 5, born Ixworth.
George Henry Cawley, 3, born Ixworth.
Alice Emma Cawley, 5 months, born Ixworth.
Family note from Teresa:-
He had a brother James Cawley (b.1875 Ixworth-d.1930) who also fought in Boer War Lance Corporal 3287 1st Battalion Suffolk Regiment. James survived, married and went on to become a police sergeant in the Metropolitan Police.
One of the notable Battles with a large loss of Suffolk life was the “Battle of Suffolk hill” at Colesberg, Northern Cape 5th- 6th January 1900. The hill was originally called Red or Grassy Hill. The Suffolk regiment was ordered to make a night attack on a Boer position on the heights, four companies, 354 of all ranks, set out at midnight under the command of Col. Watson. The Suffolks were met by a storm of bullets. The Colonel was amongst the first to fall, and the party later retired with 11 officers and 150+ men killed, wounded or captured.