Born: 1876, Burton-upon-Trent, Staffordshire.
Died: 1st April 1900; age: 24; Died of Enteric Fever, at Naauwpoort, Nkangala, Mpumalanga, South Africa.
ENTERIC FEVER Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.
This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.
Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.
Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.
In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War.
Residence: 6, Oxford Terrace, Queen’s Road, Sudbury, Suffolk.
Rank: Private; Service Number: 4253.
Regiment: Suffolk Regiment, 1st Battalion, South Africa Field Force.
Clasps Awarded: Orange Free State & Relief of Kimberley.
1881 Hardy’s Row, Cavendish, Suffolk.
Thomas was 5 years old and living with his parents & siblings.
George Malyon, 29, an Agricultural Labourer, born Cavendish, Suffolk.
Jane Malyon (nee Bullett), 29, born Rougham, Suffolk.
Edith Sarah Bullett, 12, born Rougham.
Elizabeth Jane Malyon, 6, born Burton-upon-Trent, Staffordshire.
Harry Edward Malyon, 3, born Burton-upon-Trent.
Lillas Sarah Malyon, 1, born Burton-upon-Trent.
1891 18, Mount Place, North Street, Sudbury, Suffolk.
Thomas was 15 years old and living with his parents & siblings.
George, 39, a Malster.
Elizabeth, 16, a General Domestic Servant.
William Herbert Malyon, 7, born Cavendish.
Albert Edwin Malyon, Cavendish.
Ethel Mary Malyon, 6 months, born Sudbury.
Two of Thomas’s brothers died during the First World War:
Harry Edward Malyon was KiA on the 1st July 1916, age 38. He was ranked a Lance Corporal, service number 5267, for the East Surrey Regiment, 8th Battalion. Harry is commemorated on the Thiepval memorial, Somme, France. He was married to Jane Malyon (nee Crockson), with children.
Albert Edwin Malyon died of wounds on the 12th March 1915, age 24. He was ranked a Private, service number 8141, for the Suffolk Regiment, 1st Battalion ‘C’ Company. Albert was laid to rest at Lille Southern Cemetery, Nord, France.
One of the notable Battles with a large loss of Suffolk life was the “Battle of Suffolk hill” at Colesberg, Northern Cape 5th- 6th January 1900. The hill was originally called Red or Grassy Hill. The Suffolk regiment was ordered to make a night attack on a Boer position on the heights, four companies, 354 of all ranks, set out at midnight under the command of Col. Watson. The Suffolks were met by a storm of bullets. The Colonel was amongst the first to fall, and the party later retired with 11 officers and 150+ men killed, wounded or captured.