Born: 1867, Ipswich.

Died: 1st July 1900, of Enteric Fever, at Pretoria, Gauteng Province, South Africa.

ENTERIC FEVER   Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.

This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.

Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.

Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War. 


Rank: Private; Service Number: 4311.

Regiment: Norfolk Regiment, 2nd Battalion.


Clasps Awarded: Cape Colony, Paardeberg & Johannesburg.




1871   47, High Street, St. Margaret’s, King’s Lynn, Norfolk.


Thomas was 4 years old and living with his widowed father, siblings and widowed maternal great aunt at the home of his widowed maternal grandfather.

Thomas Garland, 69, a Bookseller & Printer, born King’s Lynn.

Ann Boxall (nee Garland), 75, a widow of Major of Infantry, born King’s Lynn.

Samuel George Redhead, 39, a Grocer’s Assistant, born Necton, Norfolk.

Samuel William Redhead, 10, born King’s Lynn.

Mary Garland Redhead, 8, born King’s Lynn.


1881   3, Austin Street, St. Margaret’s, King’s Lynn, Norfolk.


Thomas was 14 years old, he and his father were Boarder’s at the home of 51 year old, Mary Ann Canham, a Laundress.

Samuel, 49, a Warehouseman.


1891   Regent Street, St. Margaret’s, King’s Lynn, Norfolk.


Thomas was 24 years old, a Clerk. He was living with his sister and her family.

Robert William Wadlow, 27, a Printer’s Overseer, born King’s Lynn.

Mary, 28.

Edith Mary Wadlow, 7, born King’s Lynn.

George William Wadlow, 6, born King’s Lynn.

William Percy Wadlow, 2, born King’s Lynn.


Thomas’s mother was Mary Redhead (nee Garland), born February 1832, King’s Lynn – died December 1870, King’s Lynn.


Thomas’s father, Samuel George Redhead died 1884, King’s Lynn.


In 1888, Thomas’s brother, Samuel William Redhead immigrated to New South Wales, Australia. He never forgot his brother. Samuel submitted a personal announcement in The Sydney Morning Herald, Saturday, 18th August 1900 to announce the death of his beloved brother, Thomas. In The Sydney Morning Herald, Memorial column, Tuesday, 1st July 1902, and Friday, 1st July 1904, Samuel submitted loving words to remember his brother, Thomas.

The Boer War.

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