Born: 10th June 1865, Rajshahi, Bengal, East Indies.

Baptised: 24th December 1865, at Rajshahi, Bengal. Parents: Percy Adolphus & Emily Ann Humphery.

Died: 24th July 1900; age: 34; Died of Enteric Fever – 20 days, and exhaustion at the Military Hospital, Green Point, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.

ENTERIC FEVER   Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.

This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.

Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.

Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War. 

Residence: 11, Marlborough Building, Bath, Somerset, and Carlton Colville, Suffolk.

Occupation: a Barrister at Law.

Religion: Plymouth Brethren.


Rank: Private; Service Number: 79.

Regiment: City of London Imperial Volunteers, 14th Middlesex (Inns of Court) Volunteers.


Clasps Awarded: Paardeberg, Dreifontein & Cape Town.


Laid to rest on the 25th July 1900.


Grave Reference:

Maitland Cemetery,

Cape Town,

Western Cape,

South Africa.




1871   Parkside Westbourne, Holdenhurst, Hampshire.


Theodore was 5 years old and living with his maternal cousin, step brother & sister.

Frances Elizabeth Cuthbert Bamber, 21, a Lady, born Dum Dum, Bengal, East Indies.

Percy Edward May Humphery, 9, born Cherrapunjee, Bengal, East Indies.

Hilda Percy Humphery, 12, born St. Paul’s, Bedford, Bedfordshire.

1 cook.

2 general domestic servants.


1881   Cleeve Hill, Weston, Somerset.


Theodore was 15 years old and living with his parents & siblings.

Percy Adolphus Humphery, 42, a retired Judge – Bengal Civil Service, born Clapham, Surrey.

Emily Ann Humphery (nee Kilby), 38, born Fort William, Calcutta, Bengal, East Indies.

Geoffrey Percy Humphery, 13, born Rampore, Bengal, East Indies.

Hilda, 11.

Roland Oliphant Percy Humphery, 6, born Bournemouth, Hampshire.

Dorothy Helen Percy Humphery, 4, born Clifton, Gloucestershire.

1 governess.

6 servants.

1 coachman + his family.

The Boer War.

Theodore’s father, Aldophus Percy Humphery, had been a judge for the Bengal Civil Service, for 16 years, before his retirement in England. He became a leading figure among the Plymouth Brethern, in Bath, and had many of his comments on Scripture published in articles and and pamphlets. Owing to his failing health he moved from his home at 11, Marlborough Building, Bath, to ‘Kowlrouse,’ St. Ives, Cornwall, where he died in April 1911.


Plymouth Brethern information courtesy of Tom Chantry –


Theodore’s paternal grandfather, Alderman John Humphery, was a Whig politician for Southwark, from the General Election 1832 to the General Election 1852. He became Lord Mayor of London 1842 – 1843 – Mother Livery Company – Tallow Chandler. John’s son (and Aldophus’s step brother), Sir William Henry Humphery, was a Conservative politician. In 1898, he was created the 1st Baronet of Penton Lodge, Hampshire.


Theodore was in partnership with Mr. Richard Fairey, as Timber Brokers’ Agents & Merchants, carrying out their business at Bishopsgate House, 55, & 56, Bishopsgate Street, London. On the 10th November 1896, Fairey & Humphery, & Co., was disolved with mutual consent. Richard died in the summer of 1898, age 41, at Hendon, Middlesex, leaving a widow and their 3 young children. The Fairey family circumstances dramatically changed. At 15 years old, Richard’s second son, Charles Richard Fairey, left education to take up employment to help with the family’s financial problems. Charles became a skilled designer craftsman, and innovator. In 1915, Charles formed his own company – The Fairey Aviation Company – a British aircraft manufacturer.


Theodore is also remembered on a memorial at Maitland Cemetery, Cape Town, and at All Saint’s Church, Upper Weston, Hampshire, with two stained glass windows, each depicting an angel with inscription and decorative stone border; plus a private bronze tablet with regimental badge at the head with laurel wreath, erected and funded in Theodore’s memory by the regimental fund, and The Right Hon. Sir Alfred Newton Bart Lord Mayor.

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