STANLEY CASSON

WW1 Image http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205291938

Born: 7th May 1889, Chiswick, Middlesex.

Died: 17th April 1944; age: 54; Killed in aircraft crash.

First World War – In 1914, Stanley served with the East Lancashire Regiment, 3rd Battalion attached to the 1st Battalion, he was ranked Second Lieutenant and served time in the trenches at Flanders before being shot in the leg during the Battle of Ypres in 1915. After a rapid convalescence Stanley joined the General Staff, under Sir George Milne and was sent to Turkey, Salonika and Greece, a country he knew well, with the British Salonika Forces. He was present on the Bulgarian Front when the British, French, Greek and Serb Allies pushed up into a defeated Austria.

Demobilised – 10th March 1919.

Medals Awarded: Victory, British War and 1915 Star + awarded the Greek Order of the Saviour (Order of the Redeemer 5th Class Chevalier).

Mentioned in Despatches.

Stanley’s First World War medals were sent to his home at New College, Oxford.

 

Rupert Brooke  “If I should die, think only this of me: That there’s some corner of a foreign field. That is forever England.”

Rupert like most poets of his generation spent the years between his graduation from Cambridge in 1909 to the start of the First World War travelling and writing on the themes of love and nature. He was talented, charming and handsome. On the 15th September 1914, Rupert applied for a commission in The Royal Naval Division. In October 1914, Rupert was in Antwerp. In February 1915, he was part of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force sent to Gallipoli. Just 8 weeks later, on St. George’s Day, he died from Sepsis on a hospital ship anchored at Tris Boukes Bay, after being bittern on the upper lip from an infected mosquito. With little time to arrange a fitting funeral and tribute for the talented English poet known for his war sonnets. His fellow officers buried him that night with a simply ceremony, in a tranqil and beautiful olive grove where the troops had rested during manoeuvers earlier that day. They marked the grave with a stone cairn, and a wooden cross inscribed in Greek with the words:-

“Here lies the servant of God, Sub-lieutenant in the English Navy,
who died for the deliverance of Constantinople from the Turks.”

Rupert’s mother, commissioned Georgios Bonanosto to sculpt a marble tomb to be placed over the grave of her son.

Stanley was working with the British School of Archaeology in Athens after the First World War. He was asked by a friend at the British Legation to organise, supervise and oversee the construction of the two and a half tons of sculptured marble and iron railings. The logistics of the operation did not daunt Stanley, and in April 1920, he landed on the island of Skyros and set about to transport the seven plus crates of marble from the newly built jetty, and to hew a path through the goat track to the olive grove. Three weeks later Stanley oversaw the completion of the laying of the marble tomb over Rupert’s grave. Which was consecrated by the head of the St. George monastery.

Stanley arranged for the original wooden cross that had marked Rupert’s grave to be sent back to the Brooke’s family in Rugby.

The marble tomb can still be seen today on the island of Skyros, overlooking Tris Boukes Bay. Inscribed on the grave is Rupert’s most famous poem ‘The Soldier.’

 

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel; Service Number: 98094.

Regiment: Intelligence Corps, Special Operations Executive.

 

Grave Reference:

  1. of E. 684.

Newquay Fairpark Cemetery,

St. Columb Minor,

Cornwall.

 

Relatives Notified & Address: Son of William Augustus & Kate Elizabeth Casson; husband of Nora Elizabeth Joan Casson, of Kensington, London.

 

CENSUS

 

1891   22, Addison Road, Chiswick, Middlesex.

 

Stanley was a year old and living with his parents & sister.

William Augustus Casson, 37, a Civil Clerk 1st Division C.S. Local Government Board, born Hornsey, Middlesex.

Kate Elizabeth Casson (nee Peake), 26, born Hackney, London.

Ethel Kate Casson, 6, born Islington, Middlesex.

1 governess – French teacher.

1 kitchenmaid.

 

1901   16, Burlington Road, Ipswich.

 

Stanley was 11 years old and living with his parents & sister.

William, 47, a Civil District Auditor – Local Government  Board & Barrister.

Kate, 35.

Ethel, 16.

1 cook

1 nursemaid.

 

1911   2, Spring Terrace, Richmond, Surrey.

 

Stanley was 21 years old, a Student of Law. He was living with his parents & sister.

William, 57, a Civil Service Pensioner & Barrister.

Kate, 46.

Ethel, 26.

1 cook.

1 housemaid.

 

Stanley’s father, William Augustus Casson, died July 1924, 8, Bedford Road, Chiswick, Middlesex. William had written many books at the beginning of the 20th Century, explaining Parish Administration and Local Government acts, including, Education Acts and the Old Age Pension Act. He was a member of the Progressive Party. And also a Freemason at the United Grand Lodge of England. He joined the St. Mary Abbott’s Lodge in 1912, as a Barrister, of Essex Court, E.C. He resigned on the 31st December 1917.

 

Stanley attended Ipswich School – entered 1898, and the Merchant Taylors’ School, London – entered 1902 – 1908, at the school Stanley was both sporty and academic. His parents were recorded as residing at 176, Goldhurst Terrace, N.W.  In 1909 he continued his education at Lincoln College, Oxford. After his degree he held a senior scholarship at St. John’s studying Classics, and a studentship offered by the British School of Archeology at Athens. The school had undertaken the project of a new catalogue of the Acropolis, to be prepared by the students. Guy Dickins of New College undertook to edit the first volume. Stanley the second. After the First World War Stanley’s academic career at Oxford was distinguished, he was a dedicated Hellene, and spoke Greek fluently. He was a respected scholar and writer, Stanley was top of his field, a man of action and adventure.

 

In 1924, London, Stanley married Nora Elizabeth Joan Ruddle, born August 1901, Langham, Rutland. They had 1 daughter.

 

Stanley had many books published on the subjects of Ancient Greece, sculptors and artists, and Hellenic studies. In 1935, Stanley wrote a personal and knowledgeable account of the campaign in his book published by G. Bell, of London, titled ‘Steady Drummer.’ In the memoir Stanley describes events and convincingly argues that the Balkan Front was in fact decisive for the eventual Allied victory.

In 1935, Stanley wrote a personal and knowledgeable account of the campaign in his book published by G.Bell, of London, titled ‘Steady Drummer.’ In the memoir Stanley describes events and convincingly argues that the Balkan Front was in fact decisive for the eventual Allied victory.

In 1938, he wrote a murder mystery “Murder by Burial” published by Hamish Hamilton.

In 2001, twenty one of Stanley’s poems from his time in the trenches were published, with permission from his daughter Lady MacLellan. Titled “Poems from the Great War” – Napier University, Edinburgh,  2001.

 

Stanley is also remembered on the Ipswich School Chapel war memorial.

 

Merchant Taylors’ School, London information courtesy of Sally Gilbert – archivist.

Monuments Men

In 1941, a conference was held at the British Embassy in Athens to discuss the protection of cultural monuments and antiqities in Greece. Lieutenant Colonel Sir Leonard Woolley, Archaeology Advisor to the War Office recommended Stanley with his extensive knowledge of Greek history and their culture to be appointed head of the Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives operations in the Balkans. On the 17th April 1944, Stanley departed England for Cairo, Egypt.

17th April 1944

Aircraft: Vickers Warwick a C1 transport version; serial number: BV 247, of 525 Squadron, a transport squadron.BV 247 took off from St. Mawgan RAF Station, Cornwall, for a flight to Maison Blanche airport, Algiers, via Gibraltar. The aircraft with a crew of seven and eight passengers was also thought to be carrying secret documents and gold bullion to finance underground organisations.

Approx two and a half miles north east of Newquay, Cornwall, the aircraft exploded in mid-air and crashed into Watergate Bay. All on board were killed.

Crew of BV247:

George William Lamb; Pilot Officer; age 27; R.A.F.

Albert George Tracey Gardiner; Flying Officer/Navigator; age 27; R.A.F.V.R.

Noel Spencer Nicklin; Flying Officer; age 34; R.A.F.V.R.

Michael Kingston Rowe; Flight Sergeant/Pilot; age 22; R.A.F.V.R.

William Godfrey Tiley M.B.E.; Squadron Leader; age 34; R.A.F. – over 17 years service.

Harold Calven Austen; Flying Officer/Wireless Operator/Air Gunner; age 26; R.C.A.F.

Arthur Douglas Gavel; Flying Officer; age 23; R.C.A.F.

 

Passengers on BV247

Ivor Watkins Brits, age 34, Lieutenant Colonel – Royal Artilery.

Viscount Carlow George Lionel Seymour Dawson Damer, age 36, Air Commodore – Auxiliary Air Force – born 1907, Kamienna, Poland.

 

Edmund Gójski, age 37, Kapitan – Headquarters Staff, Polish Forces – born 1907, Kamienna, Poland. Photograph courtesy of Bożena (with grateful thanks and translation by Marcin Ćwiertnia).

 

   

Józef Król , Kapral, Senior Chaplain.     Research, information and photograph’s courtesy of Tadeusz Krahel.

Józef Król was born 21st March 1906, at Ignacówka, Gmina Jędrzejów. His parents Andrzej Król and Rozalia Marcinkowska, had 11 children, and a small farm. After graduating from high school in 1925, Józef joined the Roman Catholic Vilnius St. Joseph Seminary, at Vilnius, Lithuania. He also studied at the Faculty of Theology of the Stefan Batory University, at Vilnius. Józef graduated on the 4th June 1933, and became ordained by Archbishop R. Jalbrzykowski, at the church of St. John. His first parish was at Lipniszki, before moving to the vicariate to Dąbrowa, and prefect of the junior high school at Zygmunt August in Vilnius. The parishioners loved him.

In 1935, Archbishop Jałbrzykowski appointed Józef Parish Priest of Balingrodek in the Kalwarian Deanery near Vilnius, before being transferred in 1936, to the outpost of Jazna, on the north-eastern edge of Poland. A very large parish with only 1,400 faithful, among the Orthodox population. With his great work and selflessness he gained the trust of the parish, which he mobilised to build a new church.

On the 24th August 1939, Father Józef Król was appointed a military chaplain. He fought in the September campaign, and with troops, he crossed the Romanian border. After a few months in the internment camp, he escaped through Yugoslavia and Italy to France, where the Polish Army was reforming. He stayed in Brittany for some time. When the Supreme Commander ordered to he organisation of the Independent Brigade of Podhale Rifles, the Bishop appointed Józef as the Chaplain for the brigade’s Expeditionary Force. On the 9th April 1940, the German’s attacked Oslo, Norway, the Podhale Rifles a mountain infantry unit were sent to fight. Józef stayed on the side of the soldier’s of the the Podhale Rifles. He moved among the men during the heaviest of times, fetching rifles, ammunition boxes. He would try to say something funny and interesting, and pass round something to smoke, eat or drink.

The Allies were forced to withdraw in early June 1940 from Norway. Chaplain Król with the Podhale Rifles were evacuated through France to England. When General Władysław Sikorski signed the Polish-Soviet pact after the Germans’ aggression against the USSR, Józef left with the employees of the newly-formed Polish Embassy to Moscow, then to Kuibyshev, and thus to the organising Polish Army in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. He was nominated as a Chaplain of the 7th Kresowa Infantry Division formed in Kermineh. There – as Stanisław Podlewski writes – he is in his place on the Earth, soldiers always surround him. They crave the word of God, news from Poland, and from the world. After a few hours a day he confesses and communicates to them, he talks about Poland, about a happy return to your beloved family land, to your relatives. During the evacuation of Polish troops to Iran, he wanted to stay in the Union Soviet to serve the Poles there. He left, however, for the Middle East; Field Bishop Józef Gawlina sent him to the First Polish Corps in the UK. He served among the Polish soldiers in England and Scotland.

News of executions, massacres and pacifications came from the country, and the heroic battle of the Home Army troops. He reported to the Staff Supreme Commander in London for permission to travel to Poland as a silent, intending to fight on the home Kielce Land. After an acceleration parachute course, preparations were put in place for Józef to travel from England, via a military plane to Gibraltar, and from there he was to go to Bari in Italy, before being transferred to Poland.

He left behind the memory of a priest devoted entirely to God’s affairs in man. Lieutenant Colonel Władysław Dec, Commander of the half-brigade, gave a very beautiful testimony: He was a chaplain of great honesty and a noble heart – he hated falsehood and hypocrisy. This silent and humble servant of God, when it came to harm to his neighbour, he was able to stand up in defence of the shooters. No wonder that everyone respected and valued him very much, they went to him for confession, even hardened sinners.

Józef Król was born 21st March 1906, at Ignacówka, Gmina Jędrzejów. His parents Andrzej Król and Rozalia Marcinkowska, had 11 children, and a small farm. After graduating from high school in 1925, Józef joined the Roman Catholic Vilnius St. Joseph Seminary, at Vilnius, Lithuania. He also studied at the Faculty of Theology of the Stefan Batory University, at Vilnius. Józef graduated on the 4th June 1933, and became ordained by Archbishop R. Jalbrzykowski, at the church of St. John. His first parish was at Lipniszki, before moving to the vicariate to Dąbrowa, and prefect of the junior high school at Zygmunt August in Vilnius. The parishioners loved him.

In 1935, Archbishop Jałbrzykowski appointed Józef Parish Priest of Balingrodek in the Kalwarian Deanery near Vilnius, before being transferred in 1936, to the outpost of Jazna, on the north-eastern edge of Poland. A very large parish with only 1,400 faithful, among the Orthodox population. With his great work and selflessness he gained the trust of the parish, which he mobilised to build a new church.

On the 24th August 1939, Father Józef Król was appointed a military chaplain. He fought in the September campaign, and with troops, he crossed the Romanian border. After a few months in the internment camp, he escaped through Yugoslavia and Italy to France, where the Polish Army was reforming. He stayed in Brittany for some time. When the Supreme Commander ordered to he organisation of the Independent Brigade of Podhale Rifles, the Bishop appointed Józef as the Chaplain for the brigade’s Expeditionary Force. On the 9th April 1940, the German’s attacked Oslo, Norway, the Podhale Rifles a mountain infantry unit were sent to fight. Józef stayed on the side of the soldier’s of the the Podhale Rifles. He moved among the men during the heaviest of times, fetching rifles, ammunition boxes. He would try to say something funny and interesting, and pass round something to smoke, eat or drink.

The Allies were forced to withdraw in early June 1940 from Norway. Chaplain Król with the Podhale Rifles were evacuated through France to England. When General Władysław Sikorski signed the Polish-Soviet pact after the Germans’ aggression against the USSR, Józef left with the employees of the newly-formed Polish Embassy to Moscow, then to Kuibyshev, and thus to the organising Polish Army in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. He was nominated as a Chaplain of the 7th Kresowa Infantry Division formed in Kermineh. There – as Stanisław Podlewski writes – he is in his place on the Earth, soldiers always surround him. They crave the word of God, news from Poland, and from the world. After a few hours a day he confesses and communicates to them, he talks about Poland, about a happy return to your beloved family land, to your relatives. During the evacuation of Polish troops to Iran, he wanted to stay in the Union Soviet to serve the Poles there. He left, however, for the Middle East; Field Bishop Józef Gawlina sent him to the First Polish Corps in the UK. He served among the Polish soldiers in England and Scotland.

News of executions, massacres and pacifications came from the country, and the heroic battle of the Home Army troops. He reported to the Staff Supreme Commander in London for permission to travel to Poland as a silent, intending to fight on the home Kielce Land. After an acceleration parachute course, preparations were put in place for Józef to travel from England, via a military plane to Gibraltar, and from there he was to go to Bari in Italy, before being transferred to Poland.

He left behind the memory of a priest devoted entirely to God’s affairs in man. Lieutenant Colonel Władysław Dec, Commander of the half-brigade, gave a very beautiful testimony: He was a chaplain of great honesty and a noble heart – he hated falsehood and hypocrisy. This silent and humble servant of God, when it came to harm to his neighbour, he was able to stand up in defence of the shooters. No wonder that everyone respected and valued him very much, they went to him for confession, even hardened sinners.

Research, information and photograph’s of Józef Król courtesy of Tadeusz Krahel. Translation by Marcin Ćwiertnia.

 

Stephen Mate (using the surname Maitland), 33, Lieutenant – General List.(Images and more information)

Thomas Percival Ward (Jimmy), 36, Doctor/Major – Royal Army Medical Corps.

Roger Archille Albert Baudouin, 47.

Posted in Second World War

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