SIDNEY MARTIN HANCOCK

 

Born: 1885, Fulbourn, Cambridgeshire.

Died: 23rd May 1902; age: 17; Died of Enteric Fever at Klerksdorp, North West Province, South Africa.

ENTERIC FEVER   Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.

This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.

Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.

Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War. 

Residence (with his mother): 3, Springfield Terrace, 15, Marshall Road, Cherry Hinton, Cambridgeshire.

Occupation: Labourer.

Enlistment Date: 5th June 1900.

 

Rank: Private; Service Number: 5666.

Regiment: 28th Mounted Infantry, Suffolk Regiment, 1st Battalion, South Africa Field Force.

 

Clasps Awarded: Transvaal + South Africa 1901 medal & South Africa 1902 medal – issued 28th August 1903.

 

CENSUS

 

1891   Hay Street, Fulbourn, Cambridgeshire.

 

Sidney was 6 years old and living with his parents & siblings.

George Hancock, 50, an Agricultural Labourer, born Fulbourn.

Clara Hancock (nee Lester), 46, born Weston Colville, Cambridgeshire.

Herbert George Hancock, an Agricultural Labourer, 22, born Fulbourn.

Frank Hancock, 17, an Agricultural Labourer, born Fulbourn.

Charles William Hancock, 13, an Agricultural Labourer, born Fulbourn.

Lilian Anne Hancock, 11, born Fulbourn.

Clara Margaret Hancock, 10, born Fulbourn.

Ethel Mary Hancock, 8, born Fulbourn.

Victoria Evelyn Hancock, 1, born Fulbourn.

 

Soldiers’ Effects to George Hancock – father, of Hay Street, Fulbourn, Cambridgeshire.

 

Sidney’s brother, Charles William Hancock lost his life during the First World War, when H.M.S. ‘Cressy’ was sunk by a German submarine in the North Sea, 22nd September 1914. Charles was ranked a Private, service number: CH/7691, for the Royal Marines Light Infantry. He is commemorated on the Chatham Naval Memorial, Kent. Charles was 40 years old, married with children, their family home was at Luton, Chatham, Kent.

One of the notable Battles with a large loss of Suffolk life was the “Battle of Suffolk hill” at Colesberg, Northern Cape 5th- 6th January 1900. The hill was originally called Red or Grassy Hill. The Suffolk regiment was ordered to make a night attack on a Boer position on the heights, four companies, 354 of all ranks, set out at midnight under the command of Col. Watson. The Suffolks were met by a storm of bullets. The Colonel was amongst the first to fall, and the party later retired with 11 officers and 150+ men killed, wounded or captured.

The Boer War.

Suffolk Regiment 

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