Born: 28th March 1863, Shroughmore, County Wicklow, Ireland.

Baptised: 31st March 1863, at St. Mary’s Church, Barndarrig, County Wicklow, Ireland.

Died: 21st July 1900; age: 37; Died of Enteric Fever at Kroonstad, Free State, South Africa. Joseph had been wounded at Ladysmith and transferred to Kroonstad

ENTERIC FEVER   Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.

This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.

Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.

Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War. 

Residence: 1, New Court, Lady Lane, St. Mary Elms, Ipswich.

Occupation: Joseph worked for a short while as a Labourer at Shroughmore Forest, before enlisting.


Joseph was very committed to being Irish but with  strong connections to Bray which, of course, was a disembarkation centre for the Army.
His father, Mark, was a shoemaker who often went to Bray to sell shoes, as most British officers wanted to own a pair of Irish brogues. It was said that he became obsessed with the Army whilst accompanying his father. Joseph was 16 years old, when he left his home and walked to Bray to make contact with the Army.


Enlistment into the Royal Artillery; Location: Kilkenny; Date: 28th August 1879; Age: Joseph gave his age as 19.



From 1881, Joseph served in India.


Rank: Battery Sergeant Major; Service Number: 11295.

Regiment: Royal Field Artillery, 20th Battery, South Africa Field Force.


Clasps Awarded: Cape Colony & Orange Free State.


Father: Mark Moore, born 1817, Avoca, County Wicklow, Ireland.

Mother: Catherine Moore (nee Berry).


On the 22nd February 1887, at St. Peter’s Church, Karachi, India, 26 year old, Joseph, a Sergeant Class 2, Royal Artillery, married 18 year old, Margaret Cecilia Flannery, born May 1869, Fort St. George, Madras, India – daughter of a Private of the Irish Royal Artillery, serving in Karachi.

They had 6 children:

Joseph Patrick Moore, born November 1887, Karachi, India.

Alfred John Moore, born December 1889, Ahmedabad, India.

Kathleen Moore, born 1893, The Female Hospital, Aldershot, Hampshire.

Thomas Moore, born January 1896, Royal Artillery Barracks, Shorncliffe, Kent.

Margaret Eileen Moore, born February 1898, Ipswich.

Annie Leonora Moore, born June 1900, 9, Prospect Road, Ipswich – died October 1900, at 9, Prospect Road, Ipswich.


Soldiers’ Effects to Margaret Moore – widow.


Family Note from Margaret Jones:

Margaret was pregnant when Joseph left for South Africa. He was never to see baby Annie Leonora as she was born days before Joseph’s death and  lived for just three months. Annie Leonora was born and died in Prospect Road, Ipswich. We believe she is buried in a common grave in Ipswich.

Margaret, aged twenty eight and the children, were of course, living in greatly reduced circumstances and they moved to Lady Lane, Ipswich. Margaret received a small pension but had to go out washing for officers’ wives whilst the two eldest boys were errand boys in the docks.
It was arranged through the Catholic Church, for the third child Kitty to go into Nazareth House, an orphanage in Hammersmith, where she remained for nine years.
Alfred was later taken into The Duke of York’s School.
The eldest son, also Joseph Patrick, tried twice to join the army and was rejected. On the second attempt he gave a false name and was subsequently tried and given two years hard labour which, it is believed, he may have served in Wales.  Shortly after release he was killed in a shipping accident. We think this may have been a collision between ships from Liverpool.  He was dead before the 1911 census.
The two other  boys, Alfred and Thomas ( my father ) both had long service careers in the royal artillery.  Thomas later transferred to the Indian Army where he served to shortly before Partition.

Several of Joseph Patrick’s grandsons were also to serve in the Royal Artillery.

Margaret later returned to India, where she had been born and still had family.  She remarried.

For the men whose names are on the war memorials the fight was over but tragically for their families the fight for survival was just beginning.


Extra help to compile Joseph’s page courtesy of Margaret Jones.

East Anglian Daily Times – 19th October 1900

PATHETIC INCIDENT OF THE WAR: Mrs. Margaret Moore, of Prospect Place, was summoned by a neighbour, Mrs. Emily Gibbons, upon an application for an order to keep a dog under control. The defendant did not appear, and a touching story was told by a police-officer. She is the widow of Sergt.-Major Moore, late of the Royal Artillery – a fine fellow who went away with his battery from Ipswich, and who died at Ladysmith of enteric fever – and she kept the dog in memory of her husband, with whom it was a great favorite. The police-officer added that Mrs. Moore had at that time a child lying dead in her house. As the dog, which had bitten Mrs. Gibbon’s little girl, had been destroyed, it was not necessary to make any order in the case.



The Boer War.

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