JOHN EDWARD CRAWFORD

Ipswich War Memorial and Cenotaph

 

Born: 1878, St. Peter’s, Ipswich.

Died: 20th February 1918; age 39 – Illness.

Enlistment Location: Ipswich.

 

Rank: Private; Service Number: 43292

Regiment: Royal West Surrey Regiment, transferred to 69102, Labour Corps, 116th Coy.

 

Medals Awarded: Victory & British War.

 

Grave Reference:

H.21.

St. Pol Communal Cemetery Extension,

Pas de Calais,

France.

 

Brother to WILLIAM CRAWFORD.

 

CENSUS

 

1881   38, Bell Lane, Ipswich.

 

John was 3 years old and living with his parents, brothers & maternal uncle.

Shadrack Runnacles Crawford, 25, a General Labourer, born Dennington, Suffolk.

Ellen Jane Rachel Crawford (nee Cloud), 24, born St. Matthew’s, Ipswich.

Robert Shadrack Crawford, 4, born St. Peter’s, Ipswich.

Shadrack Crawford, 1, born St. Peter’s, Ipswich.

Thomas Edward Cloud, 20, a General Labourer, born Ipswich.

 

1891   Stoke Street, Ipswich.

 

John was 13 years old, a Dock Labourer. He was living with his parents & siblings.

Shadrack, 35, a Dock Labourer.

Ellen, 34.

Robert, 15, a Dock Labourer.

Shadrack, 11.

Ellen Crawford, 9, born St. Peter’s, Ipswich.

James Crawford, 5, born St. Peter’s, Ipswich.

William Crawford, 18 months old, born St. Peter’s, Ipswich.

 

1901   66, Hawes Street, Ipswich.

 

John was 22 years old, a Quay Labourer. He was living with his widowed father & brothers.

Shadrack, 49, an Engine Driver Cleaner.

Robert, 24, a Horse Dealer – own account.

James, 16, a Plumber’s Labourer.

William, 11.

 

John’s mother, Ellen Jane Rachel Crawford, died 1893, Ipswich.

 

Between January 1892 and the end of 1899, Shadrack Crawford was regulary summond before the Ipswich School Board for neglecting to send his children to school.

 

Soldiers’ Effects to Julia Dowsing – housekeeper to Charles Crawford.

 

LABOUR CORPS.

Formed in January 1917, 389,900 men 10% of the total size of the British Army. Many of the men had already served in other units and were taken on following being wounded then being made fit for duty “A1” condition. The companies were employed in general labouring, fetching and carrying in work within range of the enemy guns. Sometimes used as emergency infantry during major offensives by the enemy.

Labour Corps units were sometimes classed as second class soldiers but were an important part of the British army.

Royal West Surrey Regiment:

http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/regiments-and-corps/the-british-infantry-regiments-of-1914-1918/queens-royal-west-surrey-regiment/

 

 

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