Born: 1882, ‘Mingay House’ Wilburton, Cambridgeshire.

Died: 22nd December 1901; age 19; Died of Enteric Fever, at Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa.

ENTERIC FEVER   Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.

This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.

Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.

Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War. 

Residence: Haddenham, Cambridgeshire.


Rank: Private; Service Number: 5370.

Regiment: 4th Mounted Infantry Company, Suffolk Regiment, 1st Battalion.


Clasps Awarded: Transvaal + South Africa 1901 Clasp.


Brother to SAMUEL BARNES. Killed in Action at Suffolk Hill – January 6th 1901.




1891   Mingay House, Wilburton, Cambridgeshire.


John was 9 years old and living with his father, brother, step mother & step siblings.

Samuel Prescott Barnes, 58, an Agricultural Labourer, born Witchford, Cambridgeshire.

Elizabeth Barnes (nee Alsop), 32, born Chatteris, Cambridgeshire.

Charles Barnes, 12, born Witchford.

Ada Barnes, 5, born Wilburton.

Arthur Barnes, 4, born Wilburton.

Fred Barnes, 1, born Wilburton.


Soldiers’ Effects to Samuel Barnes – father.

The Boer War.

Suffolk Regiment 

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