Born: 1874, Framlingham, Suffolk.
Died: 29th April 1900; age 25; of Enteric Fever at Mooi River, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
ENTERIC FEVER Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.
This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.
Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.
Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.
In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War.
Residence: Framlingham, Suffolk.
Occupation: a Postman.
Enlistment in the Medical Staff Corps, 10245 – Location: Framlingham; Date: 4th November 1893; age 19 & 4 months; Religion: CofE. Next-of-Kin: father – John Scotchmer, of Double Street, Framlingham. Height: 5ft 3 7/8ins, fair complexion, grey eyes & light brown hair.
Joined at Aldershot.
Offence: at Sheffield, 21st January 1895:
- not complying with an order
- disrespectful language to an N.C.O. – 8 days C.B. – 22nd January 1895 – 29th January 1895.
Transferred to the Royal Dublin Fusiliers, 1st Battalion – Private – 9th March 1895.
Rank: Private; Service Number: 5389.
Regiment: Royal Dublin Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion.
1881 John Gray’s Yard, Double Street, Framlingham, Suffolk.
Herbert was 6 years old and living with his parents & siblings.
John Scotchmer, 37, a Journey Carpenter, born Alderton, Suffolk.
Ellen Scotchmer (nee Barthorp), 32, born Framlingham, Suffolk.
Emma Scotchmer, 12, born Framlingham.
Anne Scotchmer, 10, born Framlingham.
Ellen Scotchmer, 8, born Framlingham.
Edmund Barthorpp Scotchmer, 4, born Framlingham.
Thomas Barthorp Scotchmer, 3, born Framlingham.
Rose Scotchmer, 1, born Framlingham.
Julia Maria Scotchmer, 14 weeks, born Framlingham.
1891 Double Street, Framlingham, Suffolk.
Herbert was 16 years old, a Postman. He was living with his parents, siblings & niece.
John, 45, a Carpenter.
Edmund, 14, a Grocer’s Porter.
Tom, 13, a Baker’s Assistant.
Barthorp Scotchmer, 7, born Framlingham.
Arthur Garnham Scotchmer, 5, born Framlingham.
Esther Scotchmer, 4, born Framlingham.
May Scotchmer, 11 months, born Framlingham.
Lily Scotchmer, 3 months, born Framlingham.
Herbert is also remembered on the Fusilier’s Arch, at St. Stephen’s Green Park, Dublin, Ireland.