Born: 1870, Snape, Suffolk.
Died: 4th May 1900; age: 30; Died of Enteric Fever at Naauwpoort, Nkangala, Mpumalanga, South Africa.
ENTERIC FEVER Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.
This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.
Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.
Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.
In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War.
Residence: Snape, Suffolk.
Rank: Private; Service Number: 3274.
Regiment: Suffolk Regiment, 1st Battalion, South Africa Field Force.
Clasps Awarded: Cape Colony & Orange Free State.
1871 Snape, Suffolk.
Hammond was 6 months old and living with his parents & brothers.
Henry Howell, 47, a Labourer, born Snape.
Dorcas Howell (nee Markham), 23, born Iken, Suffolk.
Harry John Howell, 3, born Iken.
William George Howell, 2, born Snape.
1881 Snape, Suffolk.
Hammond was 10 years old and living with his parents & siblings.
Henry, 58, an Agricultural Labourer.
Harry, 13, an Agricultural Labourer.
William, 12, an Agricultural Labourer.
Robert Howell, 7, born Snape.
Mary Jane Howell, 4, born Snape.
George Edward Howell, 7, months, born Snape.
1891 Gromford, Snape, Suffolk.
Hammond was 20 years old, an Agricultural Labourer. He was living with his parents & brothers.
Henry, 71, an Agricultural Labourer.
Robert, 17, an Agricultural Labourer.
Hammond’s father, Henry Howell died 1896, Snape.
Two of Hammond’s brothers lost their lives during the First World War.
William George Howell, died 12th April 1917, at Woolwich General Hospital. He was ranked a Private, service number 34598, of the Royal Defence Corps, aged 45. Formerly 20754, of the Middlesex Regiment. William had served 7 years. He was laid to rest at Greenwich Cemetery, in an unmarked grave, he is commemorated on a screen wall. William was married with children.
George Edward Howell, was KiA 24th March 1918. He was ranked a Private, service number G/14852, of the The Queen’s (Royal West Surrey Regiment), 8th Battalion, aged 41. He is commemorated on the Poziers Memorial, France. George was married with children.
One of the notable Battles with a large loss of Suffolk life was the “Battle of Suffolk hill” at Colesberg, Northern Cape 5th- 6th January 1900. The hill was originally called Red or Grassy Hill. The Suffolk regiment was ordered to make a night attack on a Boer position on the heights, four companies, 354 of all ranks, set out at midnight under the command of Col. Watson. The Suffolks were met by a storm of bullets. The Colonel was amongst the first to fall, and the party later retired with 11 officers and 150+ men killed, wounded or captured.