ERNEST GEORGE HOLLAND

 

 

Born: 1874, Great Blakenham, Suffolk.

Died: 10th January 1901; age: 27; Died of Enteric Fever at Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa.

ENTERIC FEVER   Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.

This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.

Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.

Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War.

Residence: Great Blakenham, Suffolk.

 

Rank: Private; Service Number: 3303.

Regiment: Suffolk Regiment, 1st Battalion.

 

Clasps Awarded: South Africa 1901 + Clasp.

 

Brother to BENJAMIN ROBERT HOLLAND.

 

CENSUS

 

1881   Baylham, Suffolk.

 

Ernest was 7 years old and living with his parents & siblings.

John Holland, 33, a Game Keeper, born Great Blakenham.

Sarah Ann Holland (nee Abbott), 32, born Mickfield, Suffolk.

Charles William Holland, 12, born Great Blakenham.

Frederick John Holland, 11, born Great Blakenham.

Alice Kate Holland, 8, born Great Blakenham.

Benjamin Robert Holland, 5, born Great Blakenham.

Annie Jane Holland, 2, born Great Blakenham.

Emily Jane Holland, 10 months, born Great Blakenham.

 

1891   College Farm, Great Blakenham, Suffolk.

 

Ernest was 17, a Farm Labourer. He was living with his widowed father & siblings.

John, 43, a Game Keeper.

William, 22, a Farm Labourer.

Kate, 18, the family Housekeeper.

Benjamin, 15, a Farm Labourer.

Annie, 12.

Emily, 10.

Walter Holland, 8, born Great Blakenham.

Lizzie Holland, 5, born Great Blakenham.

Ernest Holland, 2, born Great Blakenham.

 

Ernest’s mother, Sarah Ann Holland died 1890, Great Blakenham, Suffolk.

One of the notable Battles with a large loss of Suffolk life was the “Battle of Suffolk hill” at Colesberg, Northern Cape 5th- 6th January 1900. The hill was originally called Red or Grassy Hill. The Suffolk regiment was ordered to make a night attack on a Boer position on the heights, four companies, 354 of all ranks, set out at midnight under the command of Col. Watson. The Suffolks were met by a storm of bullets. The Colonel was amongst the first to fall, and the party later retired with 11 officers and 150+ men killed, wounded or captured.

The Boer War.

Suffolk Regiment 

Posted in BOER WAR, Suffolk Regiment

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