Born: 7th September 1870, Cratfield, Suffolk.
Baptised: 11th June 1871, at Cratfield, Suffolk.
Died: 29th November 1900; age: 30; Died of Enteric Fever, at Lydenburg, Mpumalanga, South Africa. Served 9 years & 41 days.
ENTERIC FEVER Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.
This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.
Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.
Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.
In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War.
Residence: Willow Cottage, Fressingfield, Suffolk.
Occupation: a Bricklayer.
Enlistment Date: 20th October 1891.
Home: 20th October 1891 – 10th November 1899.
South Africa: 11th November 1899 – 29th November 1900.
Rank: Gunner; Service Number: 87024.
Regiment: Royal Field Artillery, 61st Battery, South Africa Field Force.
Clasps Awarded: Belfast, Cape Colony, Tugela Heights, Laing’s Nex & Relief of Ladysmith.
1871 Bell Green, Cratfield, Suffolk.
Edmund was 6 months old and living with his parents & siblings.
John Chandler, 35, a Bricklayer, born Fressingfield, Suffolk.
Mary Chandler (nee Church), 30, Kenton, Suffolk.
Geoffrey Chandler, 10, born Fressingfield.
Eliza Chandler, 9, born Fressingfield.
John Chandler, 7, born Fressingfield – died 1876, Fressingfield.
George Chandler, 5, born Fressingfield.
Anna Maria Chandler, 3, born Cratfield.
Martha Chandler, 1, born Cratfield – died 1879, Fressingfield.
1881 Bridge Street, Fressingfield, Suffolk.
Edmund was 10 years old and living with his parents, siblings & paternal uncle.
John, 45, a Bricklayer – employing 1 man.
William Chandler, 8, born Fressingfield.
Roberta Chandler, 3, born Fressingfield.
Harry Chandler, 1, born Fressingfield.
William Chandler, 42, a Master Wheelwright, born Fressingfield.
1891 Fressingfield, Suffolk.
Edmund was 20 years old, a Bricklayer’s Labourer. He was living with his parents & siblings.
John, 55, a Bricklayer & Farmer – employer.
William, 18, a Bricklayer’s Labourer.
Lilian Chandler, 9, born Fressingfield.
Olive Marion Chandler, 6, born Fressingfield.
Diss Express – 14th December 1900
Mr. John Chandler, of Fressingfield, during last week received a telegram announcing the death at Lynenburg (from enteric fever) of his son, Edmund Chandler, a gunner in the 61st Battery, Royal Field Artillery. Gunner Chandler was formerly a member of the Harleston Artillery Volunteers, and accordingly arrangements were made for a memorial service at the parish church on Sunday, at which a detachment of the volunteers were to attend, and members of the Loyal Princess of Wales Lodge, M.U.I.O.O.F., of which Gunner Chandler was also a member had likewise arranged to be present. On Saturday, however, a telegram was received stating Gunner Chandler to be dangerously ill, and a period of painful alternation of hope and fear followed, his friends hoping that the first telegram was sent in error, whilst at the same time fearing that the second should have preceded the first, and had been delayed in transmission. Meanwhile the arrangements for the memorial service were countermanded. The vicar, Canon Raven, alluded to the matter in his sermon on Sunday morning, saying they would all cling to the slenderest shred of hope that their friend might still be spared to return, whilst should he not do so they would be consoled by the thought that he died doing his duty to his Queen and country.