Born: 1882, Willisham, Suffolk.
Died: 9th February 1902; age 20 years & 1 month; Died of Enteric Fever, at Standerton, Transvaal, South Africa. Served 1 year & 282 days.
ENTERIC FEVER – Enteric Fever (eneterica serotype bacteria) was a rampant bacterial infection during the South Africa Boer War – 1899 – 1902.
This systemic disease, now known as Typhoid Fever, from the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is characterised by fever and abdominal pain. The disease is spread via the lymphatic system and can affect other parts of the body, or even the whole body. The symptoms usually developed a week or two after a person had became infected bringing on a high temperature, headaches, coughs, lethargy, aches and pains, lose of appetite, sickness and diarrhoea. After 2 – 3 weeks intestinal bleeding.
Enteric Fever was originally thought to be spread via dust storms and flies.
Human carriers with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through their faeces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. The polluted water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. Enteric (Typhoid) Fever is then contracted by drinking, or eating the contaminated food or water. This bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.
In 1897, an effective vaccine was developed by Almroth Wright and William Leisman, at the Army Medical School, Netley. At the time of the Boer War, the new inoculation had many side effects, and soldiers refused the voluntary immunisation. The inoculation was still voluntary in August 1914, when Great Britain entered the First World War.
Residence: Lower Holbrook, Suffolk.
Enlistment Location: Ipswich; Date: 5th May 1900; age: 18 years & 4 months; Religion: CofE. Height: 5ft 3 6/8ins, sallow complexion, grey eyes & brown hair.
Joined at Aldershot – 11th May 1900.
Home: 5th May 1900 – 5th February 1901
South Africa: 6th February 1901 – 9th February 1902.
Rank: Driver; Service Number: 15951.
Regiment: 85th Company, Army Service Corps, South Africa Field Force.
Clasps Awarded: Cape Colony, Orange Free State & Transvaal + South Africa 1901 Medal & South Africa 1902 Medal.
1891 Alton Green, Lower Holbrook, Suffolk.
Arthur was 9 years old and living with his mother, step father & step siblings.
Robert Wombwell, 27, a Hay & Straw Binder – employer, born Erwarton, Suffolk.
Elizabeth Louisa Wombwell (nee Battle), born Willisham, Suffolk.
George William Wombwell, 4, born Harkstead, Suffolk.
Elizabeth Almeda Wombwell, 2, born Harkstead.
Soldiers’ Effects to Elizabeth Wombwell – mother.
Arthur’s step brother, Robert Bertie Wombwell lost his life during the First World War. Robert was KiA 25th November 1914, aged 22. He was ranked a Lance Sergeant, service number 8209, for the 2nd Battalion of the Suffolk Regiment. Robert is remembered on the Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. He had served in the retreat from Mons.